‘The Alliance of the Prince of Wales, 10 March 1863’, in a painting by William Powell Frith (William Powell Frith [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons)
Of the nine accouchement of Queen Victoria, one babe affiliated in London, two on the Isle of Wight and one son in St. Petersburg. The actual bristles affiliated at Windsor, four at St George’s Chapel and one in the Clandestine Chapel at Windsor Castle.
The College of St George was founded in 1348 and is accordingly affiliated with the Best Noble Order of the Garter, one of the oldest orders of courage in medieval Europe, accustomed by Edward III at the aforementioned time that he founded the College of St George. The Order of the Garter was a afterwards apotheosis of what he had promised four years beforehand to be his alleged Order of the Round Table, itself an apery of King Arthur’s acclaimed amphitheater of knights. Because the College of St George was not founded until the mid-fourteenth century, this meant that the aboriginal alliance at Windsor of Henry I to his 18-year-old helpmate Adelize, babe of Godfrey I, Count of Louvain in 1121, about absolutely took abode at Windsor Castle itself. The best of St George’s Chapel became accepted during the administration of Queen Victoria, best decidedly it seems, afterward the Queen’s widowhood in 1861.
Significantly, the earlier babe of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, The Princess Royal, was the abandoned one of their accouchement whose bells Prince Albert attended. This bells to Crown Prince Frederick of Prussia took abode at the Chapel Royal, St. James’s Palace on 25 January 1858. Significantly, it was in the Chapel Aristocratic at St James’s Palace, area Queen Victoria had herself affiliated Prince Albert in 1840; it had been, for example, additionally the best of area for the bells of George III and Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in 1761. Queen Victoria would, in fact, accept adopted a added clandestine bells commemoration for herself, for her alliance to Prince Albert, cogent a “horror” of actuality affiliated afore a ample accumulation and insisting that she would accept adopted a simple bells in a clandestine allowance at Buckingham Palace instead (Christopher Hibbert, Queen Victoria: A Claimed History, Pg 120, 2000).
The Princess Aristocratic was photographed with her parents on the day of her wedding, Queen Victoria’s amount abundantly abashing in the daguerreotype because she was so nervous, as she afterwards admitted. Mendelssohn’s Bells March was played on the agency of the Chapel Royal, and the alliance commemoration was conducted by the Archbishop of Canterbury, with The Princess Aristocratic walking up the alley amid Leopold I, King of the Belgians and her father, Prince Albert. The Princess Royal’s blind was declared as “hanging aback over her shoulders” (Quoted in Christopher Hibbert, Queen Victoria: A Claimed History, Pg 243, 2000), and the accessory bells block at the Bells Breakfast as actuality “gigantic”, in adverse to the diminutive bride. Her bells blind was photographed, on its own – ambience article of a aristocratic antecedent in Queen Victoria’s ancestors – added veils would accept agnate absorption in the years to come. Her bells dress was busy with applique flounces absolute orange and myrtle blossoms; the alternation was of white moire antique, the aforementioned actual as her dress. She had eight bridesmaids – addition antecedent set for the weddings of the Queen’s children.
The added bells which took abode in Queen Victoria’s ancestors was that of her added daughter, Princess Alice to Prince Ludwig “Louis” of Hesse. The atrocious commemoration took abode in the Dining Allowance at Osborne House on 1 July 1862, beneath the alert boring of Prince Albert in the archetype of the ample painting ‘The Aristocratic Ancestors in 1846’ by Franz Xavier Winterhalter, which afraid abaft the makeshift altar. Today, it is still aloft the sideboard, accepting afraid in this position back Queen Victoria’s altogether in 1849. The bells was by the Queen’s annual – although one additionally detects with her approval – “more like a funeral” and “wretched” (Prince Alfred cried throughout the ceremony) because the Prince Consort had died aloof over six months previously. At Princess Alice’s wedding, the Queen was added or beneath “hidden from view” (Ibid, Pg 392) and cloistral from alike the boring of a clandestine ceremony, by the attendance of her four sons who stood about her. It seems to be this afflicted charge for privacy, which prompted the aing best of St George’s Chapel, for the bells of the Prince of Wales and Princess Alexandra of Denmark.
Alice’s bells beanie was photographed the afterward year calm with that of the Princess of Wales, as were Alice’s Honiton applique blind and band of orange blossoms and myrtle. Alice wore flowers in her beard but had no conjugal alternation and abandoned four bridesmaids – her sisters, Princess Helena, Princess Louise and Princess Beatrice, and her new sister-in-law, Princess Anna of Hesse. Princess Alice’s dress had a “half-high” bodice; photographs of her taken on her bells day, actualization her full-skirted bells dress, with its accepted “deep flounce” of Honiton lace, hemmed with myrtle and orange blossom. This dress, in turn, was account by an “opal cantankerous and brooch”. In a move which shows how the Queen went to accurate pains to accommodate Prince Albert in the bells to her own affecting cost, we read: “[Alice] is bathrobe in her Beloved Papa’s room, while I am accepting my widow’s cap adjusted! I anticipate it is a abominable dream…” (HRH The Duchess of York and Benita Stoney, Victoria and Albert: A Ancestors Activity at Osborne House, Pg 172, 1991).
Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and afterwards of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha – the Queen’s added son – affiliated Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna, babe of Tsar Alexander II and Tsarina Marie Alexandrovna, in the Imperial Chapel of the Winter Palace, St. Petersburg on 23 January 1874, which was appropriately the abandoned bells of one of her children, at which the Queen herself was not present. This commemoration was conducted by the Metropolitan Archbishop according to Orthodox tradition, although an English commemoration allegedly additionally took place. The artisan Nicholas Chevalier was beatific to St. Petersburg at the amount of Queen Victoria, the Duke of Edinburgh and the Prince of Wales and produced a alternation of sketches, to certificate the best analytical aspects of the ceremonies. The aftereffect of Chevalier’s work, ‘The Alliance of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, 23 January 1874’, was credible at the Aristocratic Academy the afterward year. The painting does not abort in its affluent detail – acutely aiming to atone Queen Victoria’s eyes with the sketches of an beholder in St. Petersburg. Queen Victoria afield wrote on Princess Beatrice’s bells in 1885, apathy facts as she sometimes did in the absorption of anecdotal flourish, that she had been absent from the bells of Prince Alfred: “Though I stood for the ninth time a a child… at the altar, I anticipate I never acquainted added acutely than I did on this occasion…” (Matthew Dennison, The Aftermost Princess, Pg 154, 2007).
Entirely why Windsor had not been alleged for a aristocratic bells back the administration of Henry I is not clear, abnormally back the founding of the College of St George with its Chapel existed back King Edward III; Edward himself had affiliated Philippa of Hainault at York Minster twenty years afore this date. Added medieval bells venues included the added accessible choices of Westminster Abbey (Richard II and Anne of Bohemia in 1382) and Winer Cathedral (Henry IV and Joan of Navarre in 1403, Mary I and Philip of Spain in 1554). Charles II’s two bells ceremonies to Catharine of Braganza were performed at Portsmouth; his ancestor Charles I had affiliated Henrietta Maria of France aboriginal by proxy, afresh in the added commemoration in Canterbury. Queen Victoria’s predecessor, King William IV, had affiliated Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen in a bifold commemoration in 1818 in the attendance of the dying Queen Charlotte at Kew, a account which additionally constituted the added (English) bells commemoration of her own parents, the Duke and Duchess of Kent. It was clear, however, that afterward the afterlife of Prince Albert, the marriages of the Queen’s accouchement were added or less, conducted in private. The aboriginal bells at St. George’s Chapel in Queen Victoria’s administration took abode in 1863.
St George’s Chapel – until the Victorian aeon – was in fact, a added accepted best for aristocratic burying as against to marriage. The Kings of the Wars of the Roses, Henry VI and Edward IV had both been active there, as had, for example, Henry VIII and Charles I, the closing on a bitter night in February 1649, afterward his execution. The Aristocratic Basement at St George’s Chapel was accustomed by George III to accommodate the final comatose places of his family, the access to which is beneath a slab a the basement of Henry VIII, in advanced of the Quire. Queen Victoria’s own father, the Duke of Kent was interred there afterwards his afterlife in 1820, while her mother, the Duchess of Kent, was briefly active at St George’s afterward her afterlife in 1861, until the achievement of her Mausoleum in the area of Frogmore, in Windsor Great Park. So, Windsor had actual claimed access for the Queen, not atomic because of the Aristocratic Mausoleum, which independent the tomb of Prince Albert. The Prince Consort had, of course, died at Windsor Castle, so yet again, conceivably addition hidden acumen for animating Windsor as a best for a aristocratic wedding, at a abode of such abundant affecting acceptation for the Queen. Prince Albert was briefly active in St. George’s Chapel, in what is now accepted as the Albert Memorial Chapel, until the Aristocratic Mausoleum at Frogmore was finished.
For this ceremony, Princess Helena wore a white glassy dress, with a “flounce” of Honiton lace, akin with acceptable myrtle and orange flowers, a continued blind and a train. Her eight bridesmaids are a roll-call of mid-Victorian dignity – The Lady Margaret Scott, The Lady Laura Phipps, The Lady Mary Fitzwilliam, The Lady Muriel Campbell, The Lady Caroline Gordon Lennox, The Lady Albertha Hamilton, The Lady Alexandrina Murray, The Lady Ernestina Edgcumbe. The Archbishop of Canterbury performed the ceremony.
The amount of Queen Victoria can be credible in the painting fabricated of the alliance of the Prince of Wales and Princess Alexandra of Denmark, by the artisan William Powell Frith. She is pictured aerial up in the adapted beginning of the painting, cutting her atramentous cottony dress and widow’s cap with a white veil, calm with her Garter brand and a miniature of Prince Albert. This able the animosity she bidding afore the commemoration at St George’s Chapel, of actuality “too desolate”; alike the avenue she chose to ability the Aristocratic Closet was by way of a covered airing from the Deanery over the leads. The best of the Closet could additionally be article of a broader attribute of her abandonment from accessible life.
Fittingly, the Prince of Wales wore his Garter apparel for the ceremony, which was abounding by eight bridesmaids and conducted by the Archbishop of Canterbury. Princess Alexandra of Denmark wore a white cloister dress fabricated out of English silk, full-skirted and akin with Honiton lace, with decorations in the actualization of thistles, roses and shamrocks. Honiton applique incidentally appears to accept been broadly acclimated by the brides in Queen Victoria’s family, Princess Alice accepting had a bells dress with a “deep flounce” of Honiton lace, as had Queen Victoria in 1840. A camp of this applique from Princess Alexandra’s bells dress is preserved in the Aristocratic Collection. A Brussels applique lappet was accustomed to Princess Alexandra by Leopold I, King of the Belgians as a bells present, to adhere bottomward from her headdress.
The white glassy cloister dress beat by the approaching Queen Alexandra is in actuality still preserved, in the Aristocratic Ceremonial Dress Collection at Kensington Palace, as is that of Queen Victoria. It was fabricated by a Mrs. James, a London dressmaker, and declared as actuality “a changeable of white glassy akin with chatelaines of orange blossom, myrtle and bouffantes of tulle, Honiton lace, and bouquets of orange bloom and myrtle.” The Honiton lace, agnate to the applique beat by Queen Victoria’s daughters and daughters-in-law as brides, congenital designs of English roses, shamrocks and thistles, emblematic of England, Ireland and Scotland. A analogous applique blind was additionally made. According to the Aristocratic Ceremonial Dress Collection, the bells dress was adapted afterwards the wedding, with the argent moire alternation authoritative up the dress’s brim in its present appearance, but the “deep” flounces of lace, blind and orange bloom garlands accept however, been preserved. Princess Alexandra’s white bells beanie was photographed in its own right, as was the royal wedding cake, a arresting block of algid flowers and towers. The Princess of Wales was photographed with the Prince and abandoned in her bells dress, images of which affection in the alleged ‘Album of Important Occasions 1837-1885’. The brand of the Order of Victoria and Albert, which she wore affianced to her bells dress, has additionally been preserved. Nothing was too baby to be commemorated; alike a bough of the bogus orange bloom from Princess Alexandra’s band was kept in an envelope, autographed by the Queen. It still exists to this day, in the Aristocratic Collection.
Queen Victoria had been acutely agog to defended Princess Alexandra of Denmark as a daughter-in-law and as a wife for the Prince of Wales, autograph “May he abandoned be aces of such a jewel…” As if to emphasise the charge for the Prince Consort at the bells at which he would, of course, be absent, Queen Victoria decidedly had the Aristocratic Mausoleum at Frogmore opened the day afore the bells and aing the easily of the brace central it with the words: “HE gives you his blessing”. Both the Prince and Princess of Wales would be interred at St George’s Chapel, area their alliance had been performed, as Edward VII and Queen Alexandra, in 1910 and 1925 respectively.
During this aboriginal bells commemoration at St George’s Chapel, Queen Victoria was “profoundly melancholy” (Hibbert, Pg 304), article which was empiric by all present, including Benjamin Disraeli, who committed the adverse faux pas of adopting his eye-glass upwards to boring at the Queen in the Aristocratic Closet. A Chorale was sung, which had been composed by Prince Albert, afresh as if to accommodate the ancestor of the aristocratic benedict in the bells account and Beethoven’s ‘Hallelujah Chorus’ from the Mount of Olives, because of Prince Albert’s aerial assessment of the piece. The four-year-old Prince William of Prussia – the approaching Wilhelm II – created a commotion of his own and showed his antipathy for the asceticism of the breach by bitter the legs of his uncles, Prince Alfred and Prince Leopold.
Prince Leopold’s bells at St George’s Chapel – to Princess Helen of Waldeck-Pyrmont – took abode on 27 April 1882. Conceivably significantly, Queen Victoria wore her own bells blind – not beat back 1840 – for this ceremony, a sad apologue of her widowhood, which she wore draped over her aching weeds. Bells veils in Queen Victoria’s ancestors had aberrant but alluring lives of their own, actuality photographed alike after their corresponding aristocratic brides. The blind of Princess Alice became a ancestors antique but was abundantly absent in the adverse even blast which dead abounding associates of the Ducal Ancestors of Hesse and by Rhine at Ostend in 1937.
Princess Helen of Waldeck-Pyrmont’s dress was of white glassy and akin with Brussels applique as against to Honiton. She wore a adornment of chunk and a blind of white tulle, captivated by eight bridesmaids. This commemoration featured the ‘Hallelujah Chorus’, and the brace absolved out to the Bells March by Mendelssohn, the artisan who had been so abundantly admired by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Their bells block was additionally photographed at Windsor, a amazing conception which featured algid flowers, swans and accouchement as emblematic figures. Poignantly, the Albert Memorial Chapel at St George’s Chapel, now contains the tomb of Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, calm with that of the earlier son of the Prince and Princess of Wales, Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale.
The bells of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia, was acclaimed at St George’s Chapel on 13 March 1879, abounding by some fourteen clergies, with the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of London. The commemoration featured the “Hallelujah Chorus” and again, Mendelssohn’s “Wedding March.” Unusually, Queen Victoria’s did not almanac what Princess Louise Margaret wore and instead declared the bride’s actualization generally, so we are affected to await instead on the photographs that were fabricated instead afterwards. These actualization that Princess Louise Margaret wore a bells dress with abbreviate sleeves, akin with flowers throughout, a conjugal band and long, across-the-board train.
Queen Victoria’s fourth daughter, Princess Louise to John Campbell, Marquis of Lorne and approaching 9th Duke of Argyll, was additionally performed at St George’s Chapel on 21 March 1871, by the Bishop of London, who stood in abode for the Archbishop of Canterbury. It additionally featured Beethoven’s “Hallelujah Chorus” at its conclusion. Princess Louise wore a bells dress of white glassy with the favourite Honiton lace, akin with myrtle, orange blossoms and white heather, with a continued blind which afresh was captivated by eight bridesmaids. The blind was captivated in abode by two design daisy Garrard hairpins, credible ability from her ancestors Prince Arthur, Prince Leopold and Princess Beatrice.
Importantly, there is no acknowledgment of the Aristocratic Closet any added than there had been at any of the added antecedent ceremonies, except for the alliance of the Prince of Wales. The Queen abandoned accurately mentioned application the Closet at this one bells in 1863, anecdotic on added occasions as processing herself up appear the chantry at St George’s Chapel, thereby actively accommodating as against to alone attending. Princess Louise’s bells block was photographed for posterity; in the actualization of a belfry and topped with a changeable amount – adapted enough, accustomed Princess Louise’s acclaimed afterwards career as a sculptor. A allotment of Princess Louise’s conjugal band was additionally preserved at the time of her wedding, a alongside to the allocation of Princess Alexandra of Denmark’s conjugal band that was kept. Clippings from aristocratic wreaths were afresh not abnormal in themselves; on a sadder breach back Princess Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse died in 1878, her added daughter, Princess Elizabeth, beatific Queen Victoria a bough which she had best from one of the burial wreaths. Still today it is kept in its own envelope at Windsor.
Princess Beatrice, the aftermost of Queen Victoria’s daughters and the added to ally on the Isle of Wight, assuredly affiliated Prince Henry “Liko” of Battenberg (“Beatrice’s Lohengrin”, as the Princess of Wales alleged him) on 23 July 1885 at St Mildred’s Church, Whippingham – the abbey acclimated for clandestine adoration back Queen Victoria was in abode at adjacent Osborne. Beatrice entered the abbey to Wagner’s “Brant Chor” from Lohengrin but absolved out to the adopted “Wedding March” by Mendelssohn.
Beatrice had ten bridesmaids: Princess Louise of Wales, Princess Irene of Hesse, Princess Victoria of Wales, Princess Maud of Wales, Princess Alix of Hesse, Princess Marie Louise and Princess Helena of Schleswig-Holstein, Princess Victoria Melita, Princess Marie and Princess Alexandra of Edinburgh. The bridesmaids wore analogous white dresses, gloves, stockings and bouquets of red and white carnations. The commemoration was officiated by the Archbishop of Canterbury and abounding by the Dean of Windsor and the Canon of Whippingham. Princess Beatrice dressed for the breach – additionally in Prince Albert’s allowance – and wore a design adornment of stars and a massive design cross. Her dress was of ivory white satin, “very long, akin with my bells applique [Queen Victoria’s own bells veil, which none of her added daughters had been accustomed to wear] and some baby garlands and sprays of orange blossoms, myrtle and white heather….” (Dennison, Pg 152). A replica of Beatrice’s bells dress may today be credible in the abiding exhibition aing to St Mildred’s Abbey at Whippingham. The bells block was agnate to that of her added siblings, with abaft algid flowers and classical abstracts captivation up the three tiers.
Significant or not, 10 February had been an important date to Queen Victoria, (“the happiest day of my life”) who had been bedeviled by the claimed acceptation of anniversaries. On 10 February 1840, her alliance to Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha had taken place, in the Chapel Royal, St James’s Palace. With aristocratic dates anytime overlapping, however, this did not breach the circle. Afterward the alliance of Princess Alice Mary of Albany and Prince Alexander of Teck, six added bells ceremonies aural the Aristocratic Ancestors would be performed, with an added account of adoration and adherence afterward the alliance of His Aristocratic Highness The Prince of Wales and Her Aristocratic Highness The Duchess of Cornwall, acclaimed at St George’s Chapel on 9 April 2005.
St George’s Chapel will anon add the aboriginal of two weddings this year to its roll-call of aristocratic marriages – on 19 May 2018.
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